“The Rolling Stones: Exclusive Photographs taken during the recording of Brown Sugar, Wild Horses, and You Gotta Move” – by Clifford Davids

The crowd at Altamont Speedway

The fans at Altamont Speedway

December of 1969 was a fitting end to a turbulent decade in American history: the Black Panthers were under attack in LA; The Jackson 5 made their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show; John Lennon was offered the lead role in Jesus Christ Superstar; Arlo Guthrie released Alice’s Restaurant; and on Sunday, December the 6th, more then 300,000 overly ecstatic fans attended the Rolling Stones free concert at the Altamont Speedway in California. Four people died that on tragic day, and countless others were injured. Some critics claimed it was the final death knell for the “Age of Aquarius” – a total knockout blow to the abiding myth of rock & roll innocence.

But for the Rolling Stones, the days leading up to Altamont had been anything but terminal. In fact, they were fueled by a creative surge that would peak almost 17 months later with the release of Sticky Fingers, their iconic album that would leave its indelible mark on rock music for decades to come. For three nights, from December 2nd-4th, 1969, they had labored inside that small building with the distinctive stone facade at 3614 Jackson Highway in Sheffield, AL, home to the Muscle Shoals Sound Studio and their legendary house band known as “The Swampers.”

The three songs the Stones recorded there, “Brown Sugar,” “Wild Horses,” and “You Gotta Move,” created the solid foundation upon which that album was built – a musical testament that cemented their hard-earned reputation as one of the most dynamic band of brothers in the history rock music.

In the acclaimed documentary “Muscle Shoals,” Keith Richards reflects on their time at MSSS in December of 1969 with his typical wry humor, along with a bit of old-fashioned nostalgia. After some entertaining back-and-forth about the quantity of drugs and alcohol consumed there, he talks about what might have been:

I thought it was one of the easiest and rockingest sessions that we’d ever done. I don’t think we’ve been quite so prolific…ever (laughs). I mean we cut three or four tracks in two days, and that for the Stones is going on something! We left on a high with “Brown Sugar.” We knew we had one of the best things we’d ever done.

I always wanted to go back there and cut more, you know? Then shit happened, so we ended up in France in a basement there doing Exile on Main Street. Otherwise, Exile would have probably been cut in Muscle Shoals–but politically it wasn’t possible—I wasn’t allowed in the country at the time. So, that was that! (laughs)

Those sessions were as vital to me as any I’ve ever done. I mean, all the other stuff—”Beggars Banquet,” and all the other stuff we did: “Gimme Shelter,” “Street Fighting Man,” “Jumpin’ Jack Flash,” you know? But I’ve always wondered…that if we had cut them at Muscle Shoals, if they might not have been a little bit funkier?

–Keith Richards

The photographs found below are on direct loan from the private collection of Jimmy Johnson, co-founder of the Muscle Shoals Sound Studio and the versatile guitarist for the Swampers. He was also the engineer behind the console during the remarkable three day session, and the person credited with capturing that choice piece of rock & roll history.

These photos offer a private, almost intimate glimpse into those few days: Ahmet Ertegun, sitting silently behind the console, waiting intently to sign the group to Atlantic Records; Mick Jagger, nailing the percussion on Brown Sugar; Keith Richards, closely watching Mick Taylor work out his part on a blonde Telecaster (possibly Micawber?); Charlie Watts, taking a quiet break from the action – all presented here for the very first time.

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 The Rolling Stones at Muscle Shoals Sound Studio

December 2nd – 4th, 1969

(L-R) Bill Wyman, Jimmy Johnson, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, unknown crew member, Ahmet Ertegun (president of Atlantic Records), and Terry Woodford at the Muscle Shoals Sound Studio in Sheffield, Alabama. The Rolling Stones recorded Brown Sugar, Wild Horses, and You Gotta Move at MSSS from December 2-4, 1969.

(L-R) Bill Wyman, Jimmy Johnson, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, Marshall Chess (future president of Rolling Stones Records), Ahmet Ertegun (president of Atlantic Records), and Terry Woodford at the Muscle Shoals Sound Studio

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Mick Taylor on congas

Mick Taylor working out on the congas

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Mick Jagger recording the percussion on Brown Sugar

Mick Jagger recording the percussion on Brown Sugar

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(L-R) Mick Taylor, Keith Richards, and Ian Stewart

(L-R) Mick Taylor, Keith Richards, and Ian Stewart (standing)

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Charlie Watts

Charlie Watts

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(L-R) Bill Wyman, Jimmy Johnson, Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts, ands Ian Stewart

(L-R) Bill Wyman, Jimmy Johnson, Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts, and Ian Stewart

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The Muscle Shoals Sound Studio, Sheffield, AL

The Muscle Shoals Sound Studio in Sheffield, Alabama

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6 Responses to “The Rolling Stones: Exclusive Photographs taken during the recording of Brown Sugar, Wild Horses, and You Gotta Move” – by Clifford Davids

  1. Amelie says:

    Thank you for sharing these amazing photographs! I love the story. The photos truly are a glimpse back in time. It looks like just another day in the recording studio, until you realize that the Stones were recording three of the most iconic songs in rock and roll history.

  2. Pablo Infidelio says:

    Muscle Shoals looks like an ex-funeral home. Any chance that’s true?

    • cbdavids says:

      You’re close. The building was constructed in 1945, and at one point it was used to store headstones and grave slabs before opening as the Muscle Shoals Sound Studio in April of 1969.

      It is currently listed in the National Registry of Historic Places, and is scheduled to reopen as a full service recording studio after undergoing major renovations beginning in the fall of 2014.

  3. Elizabeth says:

    With his wonderful timing, I KNEW in my heart that Mick Taylor was a secret percussionist :=) Thank you so much for sharing. Great photo!!

  4. Joe says:

    The MS sessions pre-date the arrival of Micawber by two calendar years, 69-71.

    Cool pics- It’s funny what people recall. Jim Dickinson said no one else was present at those sessions except him and Jimmy Johnson – and of course, the Stones. Clearly the photographic evidence says differently.

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